How Many Litters Can a Rottweiler Have?

Last Updated on January 24, 2022 by Fabiola L.

A lot of Rottweiler owners want to breed their dogs, begging the question; how many litters can a Rottweiler have? Even though the creation of life is a wonderful thing, it’s definitely something that should have its own limitations. These limitations are here to protect the mother, firstly, and the breed as well. In this article, we’ll be taking a closer look at Rottweiler breeding and its limitations.

How Many Puppies Do Rottweilers Have?

There are many factors that determine the number of puppies in a litter. It’s common for a Rottweiler to have very few puppies in the first litter, and only have more puppies down the road. Typically, a Rottweiler will have between 6 and 12 puppies in a litter, with there being extremes. There are documented cases of litters that reached an incredible number of 18!

how many puppies can a rottweiler have in the first litter

A Rottweiler can have four litters in its lifetime

This number was determined by the Kennel Club. Even though a Rottweiler could, in theory, have upwards of 8 litters in a lifetime – this is generally unhealthy for the dog. That’s why the number should stay below 4. It’s also best not to breed your dog after the age of 8 or before its first birthday.

Experts claim that puppies from the fifth litter (or a latter one) have much greater chances of ill health. This is called overbreeding – this can greatly affect the health of the mother, and the puppies too.

What Determines The Size Of the Litter?

There are three major factors that determine the number of puppies in a litter.

Overall health

This is by far the most important aspect of maternity. A healthy dog will give birth to more puppies in comparison to an unhealthy dog. However, the mother isn’t the only important dog in this equation. If the father of the puppies isn’t healthy, that can affect the size of the litter too. This will also greatly impact the health of the pups, not only the size of the litter.

This includes the diet – a healthy dog has its nutritious needs met! A dog that has all the nutrients it needs in its body is more likely to give birth to a greater and healthier litter.

Mother’s age

The age of the mother has much more influence over the number of puppies than the age of the father. It’s best for the male to be no younger than 5, as the sperm count in Rottweilers drops after the age of 5. It’s also best for the mother to be between the ages of 2 and 5 – it’s most likely that she’ll have a large litter at this age.

Female Rottweilers that don’t have their first litter by the age of 5 are much more likely to keep giving birth to smaller litters. That’s why it’s best to breed your Rottweiler at the age of 2 if you want it to have larger litters.

Gene pool

It’s best to avoid inbreeding at all costs. Inbreeding will usually result in smaller litters with many genetic disorders.

Even though the gene pool doesn’t have too much influence over the size of the litter, there are a few things that affect it. Experts say that a larger gene pool (a less limited breeding group) will produce greater litters.

How Many Puppies Can A Rottweiler Have In The First Litter?

The first litter of puppies is usually the smallest one. There are instances of Rottweilers having only a single puppy in the first litter! Moreover, it’s likely that this is an evolutionary benefit! Birth is painful and it could be too much for the mother to give birth to ten puppies during her first birth.

You shouldn’t be surprised to see only a single pup in the first litter!

The second litter, however, is most likely going to have more puppies. It probably won’t be the largest litter, but it’ll definitely have more pups than the first litter. Then, we have the third and the fourth litter. These litters are usually the greatest and have the largest number of pups. It’s also best to buy a dog from the fourth or third litter.

By that point, the breeder had more than enough time to find the perfect male and take care of any genetic issues that may have existed in the past.

Learn more about Rottweiler Giving Birth First Time

How To Breed Rottweilers?

Firstly, it’s important to know that a Rottweiler will reach sexual maturity at the age of two. Experts agree that neither male nor female Rottweilers should mate before that age. It’s also best not to breed your female before her second cycle. You also shouldn’t breed past the age of 8, as there are many genetic and health issues that can arise at that point.

A similar rule applies to males, as well. The quality of their sperm will deteriorate with time, and it’s best for them to breed while they’re still young. It’s very important to have all the right information when you’re breeding your Rottweiler. Know everything there is to know about the genetic history of the mate, make sure that they’re at the best possible health level before breeding. It would also be smart to take them to the vet to ensure that they’re healthy.

Make sure that you aren’t breeding with a dog that’s too old or too young. Also make sure that the bloodline of that dog is as healthy as it can get, as you want to avoid all possible genetic issues.

how to breed rottweilers

In Conclusion

A Rottweiler can have more than 8 litters of puppies in its life, but it’s best to keep this number down to 4. Experts say that more litter basically ensures more health issues for both the mother and the puppies. These litters can have as few as a single pup, up to 12 puppies. However, the number will usually vary around 10.

The size of the litter is mostly determined by the age of the parents, overall health, and gene pool. When you’re breeding your Rottweiler, make sure that you know exactly who their partner is and what their genetic history is.